20 novelas en PDF para avanzar en el estudio del inglés

“Leer libros fáciles en inglés puede abrir tu mente a mundos nuevos y asombrosos, además de ayudarte a alcanzar niveles más altos en tu camino para aprender el idioma. Quizás parezca un proceso lento, pero es efectivo. Adoptar libros en inglés como herramienta de aprendizaje puede ayudarte a alcanzar la fluidez más rápido de lo que crees…”

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What is an Educated Person?

By Peter Baskerville, Teacher & Edupreneur

I’m old enough to have met many people that I would classify as ‘truly educated’ across the intellectual, moral, and social domains. While some had significant academic qualifications … all sourced their education from broad, experiential and diverse fields and so had become masters in the art of living.

“The master in the art of living makes little distinction between their work and their play, their labor and their leisure, their mind and their body, their education and their recreation, their  love and their religion. They hardly know which is which. They simply pursue their vision of excellence at whatever they do, leaving others to decide whether they are working or playing. To them, they are always doing both”  James A. Michener (U.S. novelist and short-story writer)

In this post I have attempted to answer specifically what I consider to be the ‘hallmarks of an educated person’, which may not necessarily align with the ‘hallmarks of a person with an education’. Now while each of us will have their our own views on what characteristics define an educated person, here are the ones I have observed and which sit well with me. I doubt a person exists with all these qualities developed to their fullest level, but I believe that they will display some and be probably working hard on the rest.

  • They are disarmingly humble and tolerant – A truly educated person is comfortable in their own skin. They have a clear understanding of their own abilities and are acutely aware of their weaknesses. They understand that humanity is a great collective that while diverse and different, share much in common. They know their place in the world and fully accept yours. Their emotional generosity allows them to put their own experience and prejudices  to one side and so open themselves to the perspectives of others that may be vastly different from their own. In the words of the Roman lyric poet Horace, they have “an ear fine-tuned to The Grecian Muses, and a mind from vulgar envy aloof”
  • They are insatiably curious about the world around them and its people. They can lose themselves completely in a task, a hobby, an engaging conversation or a book that has captured their imagination. Their curiosity is a life giving stream that they drink at often. They are never bored because for them there is always something to learn, to study or to observe. A time of solitude quickly becomes an opportunity to capture thoughts, to untangle an as yet unresolved philosophical problem or to revisit and add to an innovative idea. In short, an educated person is totally self-entertaining.
  • They read voraciously and are dedicated to lifelong learning. Education, for the truly educated person, is not something they achieved in the past, but it is rather a present and constant companion. An educated person is literate across a wide range of contemporary and classical genres and media.  In paraphrasing Rene Descartes (1596 – 1650), truly educated people read to have conversations with the noblest people of the past, who as authors, reveal the best of their thoughts. But an educated person reads more than just printed text – they ‘read’ the messages from the world they encounter, be it a fascinating wander through a museum, watching athletic prowess on display, indulging the senses in a fine dining experience, being moved by a classical piece of music, marveling at the intricate craftsmanship of the trades or just looking up in awe at the ‘wondrous glory of the everlasting stars’.A truly educated person is finely attuned to the infinite wonders and talents that make up the human and the natural worlds and has learned to read all the messages and understands their lessons.
  • They are active listeners who engage with everyone.  An educated person has taught themselves to truly listen. Their curiosity and desire to learn makes them want to pay close attention to what others are trying to tell them, not just in their logic, content and argument but their emotions and experiences that underpin the telling. They want to empathize with others so that they can fully understand the why, not just the what, how and who. An educated person also knows how to talk and engage with others in meaningful communication, be it talking ‘with crowds and keep your virtue,Or walk with Kings—nor lose the common touch’. Neither economic, academic nor societal station stops the truly educated person from engaging with others because they see others as simply fellow travelers who like them are striving to navigate their own dreams, aspirations, failures and nightmares.  The educated person’s wide reading and experiences makes them great communicators with any group because they have a vast reservoir of stories that they can draw on to appeal to any demographic. A truly educated person can entertain friends.
  • They will surprise you with their breadth of knowledge, skill and expertise as well as their depth. They maintain an ethos of striving to remaining interesting, so they will seek out skills and experiences in disparate and diverse fields. There is plenty of fascinating aspects to their lives that they never openly share, leaving it for others to discover only by persistent ‘digging’. The truly educated person resists being classified and constrained within expected dimensions and takes great delight in surprising others who have tried to do so.
  • They are easily moved and as great problem solvers, they actively seek solutions to world issues, injustices and the rights and freedom of individuals. They have not lived immune from treachery and injustice in their own lives, but they have refused to let these experiences cause cynicism, anger, isolation and envy. In spite of life’s ‘muggings’, the truly educated person has chosen to maintain an emotional, outward and empathetic connection with the world and remains easily moved by the struggling plight, overcoming achievements and the determined journey of others.
  • They seek truth not just knowledge. Education for the truly educated person is not an end in itself, merely part of a structure and rigor that helps them discover the truth and so posses the greatest wealth … wisdom. For while knowledge makes a living, wisdom makes a life but wisdom will never be gained without a courageous commitment to always bow to truth’s demands once they have become enlightened. An educated person is always testing their accepted ‘truths’, always prepared to entertain new ideas that are contrary to their own, are grateful when shown the error of their ways and are always prepared to seek truth in spite of the ridicule and humiliation they may expose themselves to by others.

One overarching characteristic of truly educated people is that they see and understand all the interconnections between the many facets that define life and are able to make sense of the world and act effectively within it in creative and meaningful ways.

Funeral Homily for Felipe Medina Durango

In the book of the Prophet Ezekiel we behold a very striking and painful moment. According to the sacred text, the prophet is summoned by God and then sent to visit the people of Israel that dwells in most difficult circumstances, exiled from their homeland and mistreated in every possible way. When the prophet sees by himself all that suffering he feels simply unable to utter a single word and remains in the midst of the exiled ones for full seven days–in silence. Clearly the Bible is teaching us something with this passage: presence, empathy and silence should be our very first response when we attempt to offer some consolation to those who are struggling with pain and grief.

But then It comes to the mind the image of Our Lady of Sorrows, the Blessed Virgin Mary, who beheld Christ giving up his life on the Cross. It is impossible not to associate Mary on the Calvary and Felipe’s mother, our beloved Myriam. It is also impossible not to remember that on the Calvary it was Jesus who broke the silence with words of deepest love and care. “Here is your son… here is your mother…” Why did not the Lord remain silent? We don’t have a definite answer but it seems to me that Jesus did not want to concede the last word to death itself. By itself, death cannot provide us with any meaning. Jesus’ words were a final gift to enhance Mary’s motherhood beyond every frontier. For once he uttered those words, each and every one of us, his “beloved disciples,” is entitled to recurring to the Blessed Virgin with absolute confidence.

Therefore, it is in the footsteps of the Lord that I dare to speak tonight. I believe silence is not an option. Felipe’s life was a gift for each one of us. The beauty of this gift that came from God could not remain wrapped forever. I admit, gifts are not always easy to understand, but as time passes by, you come to realize that sometimes there are gifts within gifts, and also, there are gifts that unfold and grow before your eyes, so to speak, if and when your eyes are ready to grasp just another bit of meaning and truth. No doubt for me, Felipe was one of this very special gifts.

He made a deep and lasting impact in so many lives! He led his own life in humbleness and respect for everybody. Innocent and joyful, full of affection and transparent to what is true, Felipe was able to teach us profound lessons that question and change not a few of commonly held conceptions. The value of “now,” the unashamed acknowledgement that we all depend upon others who also depend upon others and maybe upon ourselves, the joy of renewing yourself and other people with the rich simplicity of a smile or a hug, the foremost meaning of freedom that is born and re-born by feeling and touching nature, the true significance of trust and closeness… Aren’t we all at risk of forgetting not only the true answers but also the deep questions? It looks like from time to time God sends our way a Felipe to reminds us all that life is at the same time simpler and more mysterious than one previously thought.

I repeat myself: silence is not an option at this time. If that miracle we called Felipe was possible the reason is well visible among us, in the generous family he was sent to. I simply cannot describe the myriad of everyday details of affection and care that surrounded Felipe’s life. It was Myriam instructing him to stay silent in the Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament. It was Carlos, teaching him and learning avidly from him during long and joyful strolls. It was Kiona and Carlos Julio, concerned about his body and soul, with utmost generosity and selfless devotion. Yet Felipe was a gift from God, and we are sure it was God’s plan that was fulfilled and complete in Felipe’s short but so fruitful life–when and how the Lord considered it best.

Felipe made and is making a deep impact in many lives. Just as we pray here, hundreds of people, in different lands and even languages, are also praying to thank God and to accompany Carlos, Myriam, Carlos Julio and Kiona. From this sacred place I say, on behalf of us all: thank you.

I’d like to finish with something auto-biographical. I hugged and kissed Felipe many, many times. May I explain myself. I am a missionary. In recent years I have travelled across many countries and even continents. In my experience there are Felipes all over the world. Each one of them is absolutely unique in his or her own way but every time I came across a very special child, I respectfully ask to kiss him or her, in remembrance of my dearest nephew. On behalf of you, Felipe, I promise to continue doing so up to the end of my life. In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.